Wednesday, December 14, 2011

First Life Forms on Earth

Dear Students,

We are going to watch this series of videos one at a time as homework assignments.  Your job is to comment after watching each video.  Your comments, added to this blog, need to be gramatically correct and should demonstrate your thoughfullness and inquisitiveness about the video.  Watch the video and then comment.  Your comment can be a question about what confused you.  Your comment could be what you liked the most. 

Your comment should be more than 3 sentences long.


Monday, December 12, 2011

Cellular Respiration

DO NOW______  Do Protists use cellular respiration?

Friday, December 9, 2011

Multi vs. Uni

Do Now:  How many cells are needed for a unicellular organism to perfom all necessary life functions?

Wednesday, December 7, 2011

Do Now:

Do Now_____________What are some advantages to being multicellular?

Do Now____________  What are the similarities and differences between multicellurlar and single cellular organisms.

Monday, December 5, 2011

Stem Cells

Do Now: What are stem cells and what do they do for us? What does differentiated mean?  What does specialized mean?

Tuesday, November 29, 2011

Song Rubric

Name of People in your Group ______________________________________________
Song Rubric

0 pt
5 pts.
7 pts.
10 pts.

Quality of Work
Poorly prepared and presented.

Missing a song title, lyrics, and cover sheet.

Multiple (more than 5) spelling and mechanics errors are evident.

No evidence of effort.
Poorly prepared and presented.

Missing song title, lyrics, and/or cover sheet.

Multiple (more than 4) spelling and mechanics errors.

Minimal evidence of effort.
Adequately prepared and presented.

Product is missing one of the following:  song title, lyrics, and cover sheet.

Few (3-4) spelling and mechanics errors.

Some evidence of effort.
Neatly prepared and presented.

Includes title, lyrics, and cover sheet.

One or two spelling and mechanics errors.

Good evidence of effort.
Prepared and presented in a superior way.

Includes title, lyrics, and cover sheet.

No spelling and mechanics errors.

Superior evidence of effort.
Content of Song
Does not reflect an understanding of Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Does not express a clear opinion on the topic.

Does not include facts to support an opinion.
Reflects little understanding of Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Does not express a clear opinion on the topic.

Includes a few facts to support an opinion.
Reflects some understanding of Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Expresses an opinion on the topic.

Includes some facts to support an opinion.
Reflects an understanding of Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Expresses a clear opinion on the topic.

Includes a four facts to support the opinion.
Clearly reflects an understanding of Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Clearly expresses an opinion on the topic.

Includes more than five facts to support an opinion.
Group Work
No evidence that all members contributed to the project.
Little evidence that all members contributed to the project.
Minimal evidence that all members contributed to the project.
Good evidence that all members contributed to the project.
Superior evidence that all members contributed to the project.
Group Presentation
All members did not participate.

Students did not make eye contact.

Lyrics could not be understood.
Students did make eye contact.

Difficult to understand the lyrics.
Students made limited eye contact.

Difficult to understand the lyrics
Students made eye contact with the audience.

Spoke clearly with some enthusiasm.
Students made eye contact with the audience.

Group sings clearly and with enthusiasm
Bonus Points
+ 5 presented live with costumes or  +5 created a YouTube video and presented live  + 10 created a video for YouTube, had costumes and presented live or + 5 plays live with instruments


Thursday, November 3, 2011

organelle - story project

Rubric for Story Project - Organelles

Name___________________________  Partner______________________

Prior to beginning.
Brainstorm of ideas on how you want to make your work creative and original –
what is the story you are going to tell…..come up with different concepts.(10 points)  Then choose one and begin

exceeds expectation
meets expectations
approaching expectations
below expectations
Brainstorm (10 points)



Contains analogy for each part to a school

All organelles included -

Explains difference between plants and animals



Teamwork grade



Must include 2 hand drawings minimum

Includes info on  plants and animals evolving from protists

Includes info on heterotroph and autotroph

Includes the formula for photosynthesis

Includes explanation of why plants wilt or whither


Monday, October 31, 2011

Domain Eukarya : Kingdom Protista

Do Now: # _____ What do you think you will see under the microscope? Make some drawings.

Planktonic Algae in Freshwater
Fig. 4a. Examples of the tremendous diversity in cell form of the microscopic planktonic algae in freshwater. Epilithic = growing on rocks, Epipsammic = growing in sand, Epipelic = growing in sediments, Epiphytic = growing on plants. (Round 1981). Used with permission of Cambridge University Press.
These area all microscopic genera, a few of which may form filaments or crusts visible to the naked eye. Epilithic: 1. Calothrix, 2. Ulothrix, 3. Chaetphora, 4. Chamaesiphon, 5. Cymbella. Epiphytic: 6. Oedogonium, 7. Ophiocytium, 8. Characium, 9. Tabellaria, 10. Cocconeis, 11. Gomphonema, 12. Dermocarpa. Planktonic: 13. Pandoria, 14. Fragilaria, 15. Anabaena, 16. Ceratium, 17. Ankistrodesmus, 18. Melosira, 19. Chlamydomonas, 20. Mallonomas, 21. Staurastrum, 22. Dinobyron, 23. Cyclotella, 24 Navicula, 25 Green Unicells, 26. Opephora, 27. Nitzschia, 28. Amphora, 29. Achnanthes, 30. Nitzschia, 31. Achnanthes, 32. Cymbella, 33. Gomphonema. Epipelic: 34. Caloneis, 35. Spirulina, 36. Mesimopedia, 37. Navicula, 38. Amphora, 39. Oscillatoria, 40. Euglena, 41. Phormidium, 42. Pinnularia, 43. Surirella, 44. Closterium, 45. Trachelomonas, 46. Cymatopluera.

Wednesday, October 19, 2011

chromosomes and meoisis and mitosis

OrganismScientific nameDiploid number of chromosomesNotes
Helminthostachys zeylanica94
Adders-tongueOphioglossum reticulatum1200 or 1260This fern has the highest known chromosome number.
African Wild DogLycaon pictus78[1]
AlfalfaMedicago sativa32[2]Cultivated alfalfa is tetraploid, with 2n=4x=32. Wild relatives have 2n=16.[2]
American BadgerTaxidea taxus32
American MartenMartes americana38
American MinkNeovison vison30
Aquatic RatAnotomys leander92[3]Tied for highest number in mammals with Ichthyomys pittieri.
BarleyHordeum vulgare14[2]
Bat-eared FoxOtocyon megalotis72[1]
BeanPhaseolus sp.22[2]All species in the genus have the same chromosome number, including P. vulgaris, P. coccineus, P. acutifolis, and P. lunatus.[2]
Beaver (American)Castor canadensis40
Beaver (Eurasian)Castor fiber48
Beech MartenMartes foina38
Bengal FoxVulpes bengalensis60
Bittersweet nightshadeSolanum dulcamara24[4][5]
Black nightshadeSolanum nigrum72[6]
CabbageBrassica oleracea18[2]Broccoli, cabbage, kale, kohlrabi, brussels sprouts, and cauliflower are all the same species and have the same chromosome number.[2]
Capuchin MonkeyCebus x54[7]
CatFelis catus38
ChickenGallus gallus domesticus78
ChimpanzeePan troglodytes48 [8]
ChinchillaChinchilla lanigera64 [9]
CottonGossypium hirsutum52[2]2n=4x; Cultivated upland cotton is derived from an allotetraploid
CowBos primigenius60
CoyoteCanis latrans78[1]
Crab-eating rat (semiaquatic rodent)Ichthyomys pittieri92[3]Tied for highest number in mammals with Anotomys leander.
Deer MousePeromyscus maniculatus48
DholeCuon alpinus78
DingoCanis lupus dingo78[1]
DogCanis lupus familiaris78[10]76 autosomal and 2 sexual.[11]
DolphinDelphinidae Delphis44
DonkeyEquus africanus asinus62
Dove78[12]Based on African collared dove
Duck-billed Platypus52
EarthwormLumbricus terrestris36
Echidna63/6463 (XXY, male) and 64 (XXXX, female)
Elk (Wapiti)Cervus canadensis68
Eurasian BadgerMeles meles44
European honey beeApis mellifera3232 for females, males are haploid and thus have 16.
European Mink38
European PolecatMustela putorius40
Fennec FoxVulpes zerda64[1]
FerretMustela putorius furo40
Field HorsetailEquisetum arvense216
Fisher (animal)38a type of marten
FossaCryptoprocta ferox42
Fruit flyDrosophila melanogaster8[13]6 autosomal, and 2 sexual
GiraffeGiraffa camelopardalis62
Golden JackalCanis aureus78[1]
Grape fernsSceptridum90
Gray FoxUrocyon cinereoargenteus66[1]
Gypsy moth62
Hedgehog Genus Atelerix (African hedgehogs)90
Hedgehog Genus Erinaceus (Woodland hedgehogs)88
HorseEquus ferus caballus64
HumanHomo sapiens46[16]44 autosomal and 2 sex
Husk TomatoPhysalis pubescens24[17]
Jack jumper antMyrmecia pilosula2[18]2 for females, males are haploid and thus have 1; smallest number possible. Other ant species have more chromosomes.[18]
Kangaroo16This includes several members genus Macropus, but not the red kangaroo (M. rufus, 40)[19]
Kit Fox50
LionPanthera leo38
Long-nosed Cusimanse (a type of mongoose)36
MaizeZea mays20[2]
Maned WolfChrysocyon brachyurus76
MangoMangifera indica40[2]
MosquitoAedes aegypti6[20]The 2n=6 chromosome number is conserved in the entire family Culicidae, except in Chagasia bathana which has 2n=8.[20]
MouseMus musculus40
Nagaho-no-natsu-no-hana-warabiBotrypus strictus88B. strictus and B. virginianus have been shown to be paraphyletic in the genus Botrypus
OatsAvena sativa42[2]This is a hexaploid with 2n=6x=42. Diploid and tetraploid cultivated species also exist.[2]
Oriental Small-clawed OtterAonyx cinerea38
PeaPisum sativum14[2]
Pine Marten38
PineappleAnanas comosus50[2]
PlatypusOrnithorhynchus anatinus52 [21]Ten sex chromosomes.
PorcupineErethizon dorsatum34 [9]
PotatoSolanum tuberosum48[2]This is a tetraploid; wild relatives mostly have 2n=24.[2]
Raccoon (Procyon lotor)38[22]
Raccoon DogNyctereutes procyonoides56
Raccoon DogNyctereutes viverrinus42some sources say sub-species differ with 38, 54, and even 56 chromosomes
RadishRaphanus sativus18[2]
Rattlesnake fernBotrypus virginianus184
Red DeerCervus elaphus68
Red FoxVulpes vulpes34[1]Plus 3-5 microsomes.
Red Panda36
Reeves's MuntjacMuntiacus reevesi46
Rhesus Monkey42[23]
RiceOryza sativa24[2]
RyeSecale cereale14[2]
Sable Antelope46
Sea Otter38
ShrimpPenaeus semisulcatus86-92 [24]
Slime MoldDictyostelium discoideum12 [25]
Spotted Skunk64
Striped skunk50
Swamp WallabyWallabia bicolor10/1110 for male, 11 for female
Tanuki/Raccoon DogNyctereutes procyonoides albus38
Thale CressArabidopsis thaliana10
Tibetan fox36
TigerPanthera tigris38
TobaccoNicotiana tabacum48[2]Cultivated species is a tetraploid.[2]
Virginia OpossumDidelphis virginiana22[26]
WheatTriticum aestivum42[2]This is a hexaploid with 2n=6x=42. Durum wheat is Triticum turgidum var. durum, and is a tetraploid with 2n=4x=28.[2]
White-tailed deerOdocoileus virginianus70
Woolly Mammoth58extinct; tissue from a frozen carcass
Yellow Mongoose36

Chromosome Numbers in Different Species

Common NameGenus and SpeciesDiploid Chromosome
BuffaloBison bison
CatFelis catus
CattleBos taurus, B. indicus
DogCanis familiaris
DonkeyE. asinus
GoatCapra hircus
HorseEquus caballus
HumanHomo sapiens
PigSus scrofa
SheepOvis aries

Advanced and Supplemental Topics